Why Wilpattu National Park is Important to Sri Lanka

Why Wilpattu National Park is Important to Sri Lanka
Deforestation of the national treasure of Wilpattu National Senctuery
Photograph by Unknown Artist
By Ex Guide Contributor
PUBLISHED December 9, 2017

WILLU - PATTU it means land of lakes. The existence of Natural Lakes (Willus) - Natural, Sand-rimmed water basins or depressions that fill with rainwater. Nearly 60 lakes (Willus) and tanks are found spread throughout in 1,317 square kilometers (131,695 hectares) in Wilpattu National Park. This is the only forest that has wet zone and dry zone both together in the world.

These Amazing Natural Lakes have supporting family forests around the Wilpattu National park border. These attendant forests are supporting to keep this land wet.

Over 5000 years before The Great King Maha Ravana’s Kingdom was spread here, there are many medicine vegetation to be found in Wilpattu, including littoral vegetation, such as salt grass and low scrub monsoon forest with tall emergents, such as palu (Manilkara hexandra), and satin (Chloroxylon swietenia), milla (Vitex altissima), weera (Drypetes sepiaria), ebony (Diospyros ebenum) and wewarna (Alseodaphne semecapriflolia).

More Than 31 species of mammals have been identified within Wilpattu national park. Mammals that are identified as threatened species living within the Wilpattu National Park are.

Some of the species living in Wilpattu:

  • Leopard (Panthera pardus kotiya)
  • Asian Elephants (Elephas maximus maximus)
  • Sloth Bear (Melursus ursinus)
  • Spotted Deer (Axis axis)
  • Barking Deer (Muntiacus muntjak)
  • Mouse-deer (Tragulus Nigricans)
  • Wild Boars (Sus scrofa)
  • Water Buffalos (Bubalus bubalis)
  • Mugger Crocodiles (Crocodylus palustris)
  • Ceylon Junglefowl (Gallus lafayetii)
  • Brown-capped Babbler(Pellorneum fuscocapillus)
  • Black-naped Monarch (Hypothymis azurea)
  • White-rumped Shama (Copsychus malabaricus)
  • Ruddy Mongoose (Herpestes smithii)
  • Indian Grey Mongoose (Herpestes edwardsii)
  • Purple-faced Langur (Trachypithecus vetulus)
  • Sri Lankan Grey Horbill (Ocyceros gingalensis)
  • Oriental Dwarf Kingfisher (Ceyx erithaca)
  • Sambhur (Rusa unicolor unicolor)
  • Greater Thick-knee (Esacus recurvirostris)
  • Pin-tail Snipe (Gallinago stenura)
  • Indian Rock Python (Python molurus)

And mouse, shrew are more of Wilpattu's residents.

The painted stork, the open bill, little cormorant, Sri Lankan junglefowl (Gallus lafayetii) along with many species of owls, terns, gulls, eagles, kites buzzards are to be found at Wilpattu National Park. Wetland bird species that can be seen in Wilpattu are the garganey (Anas querquedula), pintail (Anas acuta), whistling teal (Dendrocygna javanica), spoonbill (Platalea leucorodia), black-headed ibis (Threskiornis malanocephalus), large white egret (Egretta alba modesta), cattle egret (Bubulcus ibis) and purple heron (Ardea purpurea).

In 1905 the area was designated a sanctuary and in 1938 it was upgraded to the National Park status. We have a situation here now Muslim people are cutting trees, killing Elephants, leopards, Deers and many species that belongs to Sri Lanka. They are building a city that destroying Wilpattu national treasure.

Deforestation is rapidly occurring island wide with exciting deregulation and corrupted politicians circling within the ruling government, as a consequence it's evident the country is experiencing rapid climate changes and destruction within the human habited & livelihood, from early 2017 the island had experienced major flooding and distaste due to damage to the environment by human activities.

We believe all the attendant forests around the Wilpattu National Park need to be published as a national sanctuary that people can’t access, and people who already entered must take away from the land of Wilpattu national sanctuary immediately.